This will be the fourth and hopefully last post I will do which is specifically dedicated to addressing the biblical principal of polygamy and the insidious spiritual wife doctrine that grew out of it during the Nauvoo period.
Although I first covered the whoredoms that overtook the church in Nauvoo in the final part of the tribute to Sidney Rigdon, I have since posted four others that specifically addressed this topic.
The first paper on the Spiritual Wife Doctrine approached the subject from some personal experiences my wife and I had trying to sort things out about polygamy early in our marriage.
The second post resulted in a doctrinal critique of section 132.
The third post I did pertaining to it grew out of the Morley Farm series. It viewed the evolution of the doctrine through the eyes of the events of the LDS foundation movement and postulated that the introduction of biblical polygamy was associated with the restoration of the gospel of Abraham in 1836.
In it I speculate that the patriarchal law of plural wives which is associated with the covenant God made with Abraham may have been acceptable to live under certain conditions, under the law of Abraham. Nevertheless, it is a lesser law and it appears to have been a cursing to the marriages of all that lived it… just as Sarah’s desire to have Hagar bear the seed of Abraham was a cursing to the marriage of Sarah and Abraham.
The fourth post contained several observations from Mrs Watcher from the book of Mormon and the Old Testament which supported the conclusions made in the previous posts.
Among other things, that post revealed that some bible scholars do not believe Abraham was even a polygamist. Regardless of whether he was or not, he did not have “MANY WIVES” and he did not have “MANY CONCUBINES“. Therefore, the opening verse in section 132 becomes even more problematic than originally pointed out in my critic of section 132.
Lastly, I want to approach this subject in this post through the eyes of ancient prophecy.
The ancient prophets saw our day and knew that sexual whoredom as a result of spiritual unfaithfulness to God would be one of the great stumbling blocks of the Latter day Saints…
You will recall, from the tribute I did to Sidney Rigdon, that when the spiritual wife doctrine crept into the church, Sidney Rigdon rejected it. He was one of, if not the greatest biblical scholar of his time and God had commissioned him to prove the revelations Joseph Smith brought forth using the words of the ancient prophets.
The following declaration by Sidney Rigdon provides one of the greatest keys for identifying a prophetic contextual understanding of the whoredoms that inflicted the latter day Saints.
When it became apparent that Joseph Smith was involved in this practice and leading others into it, Sidney’s assessment of the situation was simple and to the point:
“Joseph has contracted a whoring spirit“.
Rigdon also stated that,
“he had known for some years that Joseph had not been led by the spirit of God [and gave this] as the reason why he did not attend with him as his counselor”
The following statements from the Lords Spokesman published in a news paper provide a good explanation of how he felt about the spiritual wife doctrine;
Pittsburgh, Oct. 15, 1844.
Br. J. Gregg — Dear Sir: – Yours of the 14th inst., was received per mail this morning… I have been informed, since Mr. Page published his bull, and subsequent departure from this place, that he had attempted to teach the doctrine of spiritual wives in this city some time since. This will account for his sudden departure from both this place and yours.
It would seem almost impossible that there could be found a set of men and women, in this age of the world, with the revelations of God in their hands, who could invent and propagate doctrines so ruinous to society, so debasing and demoralizing as the doctrine of a man having a plurality of wives…
Those who read the New Testament with care, cannot avoid seeing that the apostles have declared that a corruption like that we complain of, was to make its appearance in the last days. See Second Timothy, 3d chapter, from the 1st to the 9th verse inclusive.
These sayings which the apostles, at Nauvoo, have applied to the professing world, are as applicable to themselves as to any others now living, or any others who have lived since the days of Paul. In the 6th verse we are told that “For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts.”…
That the Twelve and their adherents have entered into houses and led silly women astray, is a fact susceptible of the highest proof; and we are authorized by Paul to apply all the rest he has said to them.
“For if this sort enter into houses and lead astray silly women,” what sort? we ask; the before described religionists, for says Paul,”they have a form of godliness.” The conclusion then is, that they effected the ruin of silly females by, or through a form of godliness…
It is a fact, so well known, that the Twelve and their adherents have endeavored to carry this spiritual wife business in secret, that I hardly need mention it here, and have gone to the most shameful and desperate lengths, to keep it from the public.
First, insulting innocent females, and when they resented the insult, these monsters in human shape would assail their characters by lying, and perjuries, with a multitude of desperate men to help them effect the ruin of those whom they had insulted, and all this to enable them to keep these corrupt practices from the view of the world…. No falsehood too great and no perjury too darying, in order to conceal these heaven-daring abuses of mankind…
Rigdon obviously saw a fulfillment of New Testament prophesies taking place.
Perhaps one of the most cryptically profound things that Sidney uttered was that Joseph had “contracted a whoring spirit“.
Remember, Sidney was a walking bible. When he spoke he would often paraphrase or use similar phrases as the ancient prophets.
The words he uttered were carefully chosen. Go to the LDS word cruncher and punch in those two words “whoring spirit” and it will lead you to two references.. one of them is found in the book of Hosea.
“My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the bspirit of whoredom hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God… therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery.. for the spirit of whoredom is in the midst of them” (Hosea 4:12)
This is the perfect description of what was happening in Nauvoo. A lustful spirit of whoredom overcame the Saints as they entered into adulterous relationships.
As hard as it is to believe that latter day Israel could become so corrupted after having been given so much light, they had done exactly what the ancient children of Israel had done. How can this happen? The answer is in this same chapter:
“My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge; because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me; seeing thou has forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children“
Hosea provides one of the more clear and concise commentaries on the Latter day Saints.
The entire Book of Hosea is a commentary on how Ephraim struggles with a whoring spirit anciently and in the latter days.
There are parts of the narrative that so clearly describe what was going on in the Nauvoo era of the foundation movement. It is absolutely heart breaking to compare the LDS history with the commentary in Hosea. .Perhaps one of the most poignant examples of what Hosea is speaking about was when Apostle Williard Richards shacked up with Apostle Orson Hydes wife while Hyde was on a mission,
“Willard Richards nailed down the windows, and fired off his revolver in the street after dark, and commenced living with Mrs. Nancy Marinda Hyde.” (Letter from Ebenezer Robinson page 294)
Richards of course considered himself to be doing a noble thing. In his mind he was living a higher law dispite the fact that Mancy was another mans wife. This emboldened him in what he was doing.
In a sarcastic letter regarding the actions of Elder Willard Richards, Sidney Rigdon, the Lords Spokesman wrote:
“If Richards should take a notion to Hyde’s wife in his absence all that is necessary to be done is to be sealed. No harm done, not adultery committed, only taking a little advantage of rights of priesthood.
And after Richards has gone the round of dissipation with Hyde’s wife, she is afterwards turned over to Smith and thus the poor silly woman become the actual dupe to two designing men, under the sanctimonious barb of rights of the royal priesthood” pg 294
Hosea tells us,
“”They have set up kings, but not by me….
For Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and buildeth temples...” That pretty much says it all.
The good news contained in Hosea is that he notes that in the 3rd watch, a remnant of the Saints will “acknowledge their offence” when the trumpet sounds against those who have “transgressed my covenant and trespassed against my law”
I don’t want to imply that Hosea is the only ancient prophet that prophesied of and testified against the whoredoms that the Latter day Ephraim would commit, virtually all of the Old Testament prophets spoke of this.
Ezekiel noted the conspiracy that would take place at the time of the succession issue in Nauvoo and associated the defiling of neighbors wives with that time frame,
“There is a aconspiracy of her bprophets in the midst thereof, like a croaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the dtreasure and eprecious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof.
26 Her apriests have bviolated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no cdifference between the holy and profane“
“And one hath committed abomination with his neighbour’s wife; and another hath lewdly defiled his daughter in law; and another in thee hath humbled his sister, his father’s daughter.”
Of course the Saints in Nauvoo didn’t even need to be that familiar with the ancient prophecies, modern revelation addressed these issues as will,
“And again, I command thee that thou shalt not acovet thy bneighbor’s cwife” D&C 19: 25
It is critical to understand the scapegoat doctrine contained in the atonement statute to realize that Joseph Smith was simply handing the Saints over to the idolatrous stumbling blocks that they had set before themselves.
Nauvoo Stake President William Marks was one of the noble brethren that rejected the principle and believed it to be a false doctrine.
He testified in 1853 that Smith came to have doubts about polygamy before his death:
“When the doctrine of polygamy was introduced into the church as a principle of exaltation, I took a decided stand against it; which stand rendered me quite unpopular with many of the leading ones of the church…
Joseph, however, became convinced before his death that he had done wrong; for about three weeks prior to his death, I met him one morning in the street, and he said to me, “Bro. Marks, we are a ruined people.”
I asked, how so?
He said, “this doctrine of polygamy, or Spiritual-wife system, that has been taught and practiced among us, will prove our destruction and overthrow. I have been deceived,’ he said, ” in reference to its practice; it is wrong, it is a curse to mankind, and we shall have to leave the United States soon, unless it can be put down and its practice stopped in the church..
Now Brother Marks, you have not received this doctrine, and I want you to go into the high council, and I will have charges preferred against all who practice this doctrine; and I want you to try them by the laws of the Church, and cut them off, it they will not repent, and cease the practice of this doctrine…
I will go into the stand and preach against it with all my might, and in this way, we may rid the Church of this damnable heresy.” (Zion’s Harbinger and Baneemy’s Organ, Vol. 3 (July 1853), pp. 52-53)
It is because Sidney Rigdon paraphrased a passage out of the book of Hosea that I realized that Hosea was prophesying about the whoredoms taking place in Nauvoo. For this reason, the book of Hosea is one of my many favorites in the Old Testament.
It provides detailed information about the mystical tribe of Ephraim… Both historically and prophetically.
It shows that their sin of whoredom on a temporal and spiritual level anciently is a reoccurring one that manifests itself in the latter days.
It provides a powerful testimony about the apostasy that took place during the LDS foundation movement and reveals how the Tribe of Ephraim leads Israel into whoredom and idolatry in the latter days. It provides a vivid description of what took place in Nauvoo regarding the spiritual wife doctrine.
Most importantly to me, it verifies that after their whoredoms, and the final call to repentance, the righteous remnant among them will be cleansed and saved.
According to various authors,
“The book of Hosea may be divided up into two major sections. First, Hosea’s marital experience which pictured God’s relationship with Israel in chapters 1-3. Then, chapters 4-14 include prophetic messages dealing with Israel’s sin, judgment and eventual restoration.”
“Hosea was a prophet who lived and prophesied just before the destruction of Israel in 722 BC. He preached to the northern kingdom [of Israel[. Throughout the book you will see that he refers to Israel and Ephraim. Ephraim was the largest tribe in Israel and sometimes the whole nation was referred to as Ephraim.]
Hosea was commanded to take a wife who [was already a prostitute or] would become a prostitute as an example of God’s relationship with Israel. Hosea was to manifest God’s patience and love. Some wonder if Gomer was already a prostitute when they got married or if she became unfaithful later. They think that it presents a moral dilemma. Would God really command his prophet to marry someone that, according to Deuteronomy 22:20 was supposed to be stoned?
“Hosea was a Hebrew prophet and writer of the Bible book of Hosea; identified merely as the son of Beeri.
Hosea served as Jehovah God’s prophet during the reigns of Kings Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah of Judah as well as Jeroboam II (son of Joash) of Israel, in the late ninth century and well into the eighth century B.C.E. (Ho 1:1) Prophets of the same general period included Amos, Isaiah, and Micah.
See Amos 1:1; Isa 1:1; Mic 1:1.
Hosea may be identified as a prophet (and probably a subject) of the ten-tribe northern kingdom of Israel. That kingdom was the principal object of the declarations in the book of Hosea. Whereas Judah was named therein only 15 times, and its capital city, Jerusalem, not even once, the book contains 44 references to Israel, 37 to Ephraim (Israel’s dominant tribe), and 6 to Samaria, the capital of the northern kingdom. Most of the other locations mentioned in the book either were a part of the northern kingdom or were on its borders. See Hosea 1:4, 5; 5:1, 8; 6:8, 9; 10:5, 8, 15; 12:11; 14:6, 7.
The Old Testament speaks negatively and positively about Ephraim.
Isaiah refers to latter day Ephraim as the “crown of pride“. God has to send his mighty and strong one to the apostate Ephraimite nation in the latter days who have been overcome with false doctrine and idolatry.
1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower, which are on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine!
2 Behold, the Lord hath a mighty and strong one, which as a tempest of hail and a destroying storm, as a flood of mighty waters overflowing, shall cast down to the earth with the hand.
3 The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:
4 And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the hasty fruit before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.
5 ¶ In that day shall the Lord of hosts be for a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people,
6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.
7 ¶ But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way;
the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.
8 For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness, so that there is no place clean.
9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.
After the Ephraimite leaders repent, they will be the watchman on the tower,
Jeremiah acknowledges that the tribe of Ephraim serves as the watchman on the tower that sends the cry to “arise… let us go up to Zion“. He reveals that Ephraim is God’s Firstborn,
6 For there shall be a day, that the awatchmen upon the mount Ephraim shall cry, Arise ye, and let us go up to bZion unto the Lord our God.
• • •
9 They shall come with aweeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a bfather to Israel, and cEphraim
is my dfirstborn. Jer. 31: 6, 9, 18, 20
Calling Ephraim God’s firstborn apparently applies to the obscure passage in the JST wherein Ephraim is taken away from Joseph’s posterity and transplanted directly into Jacobs,
“And now, of thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt, before I came unto thee into Egypt; behold, they are mine, and the God of my fathers shall bless them; even as Reuben and Simeon they shall be blessed, for they are mine; wherefore they shall be called after my name. (Therefore they were called Israel.)
And thy issue which thou begettest after them, shall be thine, and shall be called after the name of their brethren in their inheritance, in the tribes; therefore they were called the tribes of Manasseh and of Ephraim.
JST Gen 48:5-6
He points out that Ephraim will be chastised for his sins and that the Lord will have mercy upon him.
18 ¶ I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke:
aturn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the Lord my God.
• • •
20 Is Ephraim my dear son? is he
aa pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the Lord.
With the above information as a foundation, let us now examine the words of Hosea concerning the whordoms that Ephraim commits anciently and in the latter days. It should come as no surprise to us that God requires Hosea to marry a prostitute as a type of Ephraim’s unfaithfulness and sexual promiscuity.
I am going to provide the entire book of Hosea below. Please read it with specific focus on the parts that relate to the whoredom of Ephraim anciently and in the latter days. I feel that no further commentary is necessary regarding the book of Hosea, it is painfully self explanatory. As you read it, there will be times that you feel as if you are hearing a commentary on the events that took place in Nauvoo..
The book of Hosea the Prophet
The word of the Lord that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of aUzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.
2 The beginning of the word of the Lord by Hosea. And the Lord said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a awife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great bwhoredom, departing from the Lord.
3 So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; which conceived, and bare him a son.
5 And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will abreak the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.
6 ¶ And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her name aLo-ruhamah: for I will bno more have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them caway.
7 But I will have amercy upon the house of bJudah, and will save them by the Lord their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by chorses, nor by horsemen.
8 ¶ Now when she had weaned Lo-ruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son.
9 Then said God, Call his name aLo-ammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.
10 ¶ Yet the anumber of the children of Israel shall be as the bsand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the csons of the dliving God.
11 Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be agathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.
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|Say ye unto your brethren, aAmmi; and to your sisters, bRuhamah.2 Plead with your amother, plead: for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and her adulteries from between her breasts;
3 Lest I astrip her bnaked, and set her as in the day that she was cborn, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with dthirst.
4 And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they be the children of whoredoms.
5 For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done ashamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bbread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink.
6 ¶ Therefore, behold, I will ahedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths.
7 And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and return to my first ahusband; for then was it better with me than now.
8 For she did not know that I gave her acorn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, which they prepared for Baal.
9 Therefore will I return, and take away my corn in the time thereof, and my wine in the season thereof, and will recover my wool and my flax given to cover her nakedness.
10 And now will I discover her alewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand.
11 I will also cause all her amirth to bcease, her feast days, her new cmoons, and her dsabbaths, and all her esolemn feasts.
12 And I will destroy her vines and her fig trees, whereof she hath said, These are my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them.
13 And I will visit upon her the days of aBaalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her bearrings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers, and forgat me, saith the Lord.
14 ¶ Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the awilderness, and speak comfortably unto her.
15 And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of aAchor for a door of hope: and she shall bsing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt.
16 And it shall be at that aday, saith the Lord, that thou shalt call me bIshi; and shalt call me no more cBaali.
17 For I will take away the names of aBaalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name.
18 And in that day will I make a acovenant for them with the bbeasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, and with the creeping things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down csafely.
19 And I will abetroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies.
20 I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt aknow the Lord.
21 And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the Lord, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth;
22 And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.
23 And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon aher that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to bthem which were not my cpeople, Thou art my dpeople; and they shall say, Thou art my God.
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At the command of God Hosea purchases a harlot to be his wife typological to how Israel will be unfaithful to God. He prophesies that after the latter day apostasy in Jackson, Kirtland, Far West and Nauvoo, latter day Israel will abide many days in a state of darkness with the heavens being sealed. Finally, Israel will return and seek her God.
1 Then said the Lord unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, yet an aadulteress, according to the love of the Lord toward the children of Israel, who look to other gods, and love bflagons of wine.
2 So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley:
3 And I said unto her, Thou shalt abide for me many days; thou shalt not play the harlot, and thou shalt not be for another man: so will I also be for thee.
4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and without teraphim:
5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and aseek the Lord their God, and bDavid their king; and shall fear the Lord and his goodness in the clatter days.
After restoring the church and kingdom to the earth, a great controversy takes place.. it involves swearing by the neck, lying and killing and stealing by secret combinations. The committing of adultery is also a central theme.
Hear the word of the Lord, ye children of Israel: for the Lord hath a acontroversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no btruth, nor mercy, nor cknowledge of God in the land.
2 By aswearing, and blying, and killing, and cstealing, and committing adultery, they dbreak out, and eblood toucheth blood.
3 Therefore shall the aland mourn,
5 Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the aprophet also shall fall with thee in the night, and I will destroy thy mother.
6 ¶ My people are destroyed for lack of aknowledge: because thou hast brejected
cknowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the dlaw of thy God, I will also forget thy children.
7 As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into ashame.
8 They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.
9 And there shall be, like people, like priest: and I will punish them for their ways, and reward them their doings.
10 For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit whoredom, and shall not increase: because they have left off to take heed to the Lord.
11 aWhoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart.
12 ¶ My people ask acounsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the bspirit of cwhoredoms hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
13 They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof is good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit aadultery.
14 I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people that doth not understand shall fall.
15 ¶ Though thou, Israel, play the aharlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to bBeth-aven, nor swear, The Lord liveth.
16 For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the Lord will feed them as a lamb in a large place.
17 Ephraim is joined to aidols: let him alone.
18 Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers awith shame do love, Give ye.
19 The wind hath bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed because of their sacrifices.
Hear ye this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, O house of the king; for judgment is toward you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.
2 And the revolters are profound to make slaughter, though I have been a rebuker of them all.
3 I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me: for now, O Ephraim, thou committest awhoredom, and Israel is defiled.
4 aThey will not frame their doings to turn unto their God: for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they have not known the Lord.
5 And the pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity; Judah also shall fall with them.
6 They shall go with their flocks and with their herds to seek the Lord; but they shall not find him; he hath awithdrawn himself from them.
7 They have dealt treacherously against the Lord: for they have begotten strange children: now shall a amonth devour them with their portions.
8 Blow ye the acornet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Beth-aven, after thee, O Benjamin.
9 Ephraim shall be desolate in the day of rebuke: among the tribes of Israel have I made known that which shall surely be.
10 The princes of Judah were like them that remove the abound: therefore I will pour out my wrath upon them like water.
11 Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked aafter the commandment.
12 Therefore will I be unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.
13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his awound, then went bEphraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king cJareb: yet could he not dheal you, nor cure you of your wound.
14 For I will be unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall rescue him.
15 ¶ I will go and return to my place, till they aacknowledge their offence, and bseek my face: in their caffliction they will seek me early.
Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will aheal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.
2 After two days will he arevive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his bsight.
3 Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the alatter
and former rain unto the earth.
4 ¶ O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness is as a morning cloud, and as the early adew it goeth away.
5 Therefore have I hewed them by the prophets; I have aslain them by the words of my mouth: and thy judgments are as the light that goeth forth.
6 For aI desired bmercy, and not sacrifice; and the cknowledge of God more than burnt dofferings.
7 But they like amen have btransgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherously against me.
8 Gilead is a city of them that work iniquity, and is polluted with blood.
9 And as troops of robbers wait for a man, so the company of priests murder in the way aby consent: for they commit lewdness.
10 I have seen an ahorrible thing in the house of Israel: there is the whoredom of Ephraim, Israel is defiled.
11 Also, O Judah, he hath set an harvest for thee, when I returned the captivity of my people.
When I would have healed Israel, then the iniquity of Ephraim was discovered, and the wickedness of Samaria: for they commit falsehood; and the thief cometh in, and the troop of robbers spoileth without.
2 And they consider not in their hearts that I remember all their wickedness: now their own adoings have beset them about; they are before my face.
3 They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies.
4 They are all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, who ceaseth from raising after he hath kneaded the dough, until it be leavened.
5 In the day of our king the princes have made him sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.
6 For they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait: their baker sleepeth all the night; in the morning it burneth as a flaming fire.
7 They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their judges; all their kings are fallen: there is none among them that calleth unto me.
8 Ephraim, he hath amixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a bcake not turned.
9 aStrangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not.
10 And the pride of Israel testifieth to his face: and they do not areturn to the Lord their God, nor bseek him for all this.
11 ¶ Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.
12 When they shall go, I will spread my anet upon them; I will bring them down as the fowls of the heaven; I will chastise them, as their congregation hath heard.
13 Woe unto them! for they have fled from me: adestruction unto them! because they have transgressed against me: though I bhave
credeemed them, yet they have spoken lies against me.
14 And they have not acried unto me with their heart, when they howled upon their beds: they assemble themselves for corn and wine, and they rebel against me.
15 Though I have abound
and strengthened their arms, yet do they imagine mischief against me.
16 They return, but not to the amost High: they are like a bdeceitful bow: their princes shall cfall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this shall be their derision in the land of Egypt.
Although hosea spends most of his commentary railing against the whoredoms of ancient and modern Ephraim, he does acknowledge that a remnant of them shall repent and return. These are the leaders of latter day Israel. They are the watchmen on the tower.
Let us end this sobering review of Ephraim with the wonderful promises made in section 133,
“And they shall bring forth their rich atreasures unto the children of Ephraim, my servants. And the boundaries of the everlasting ahills shall tremble at their presence. And there shall they fall down and be acrowned with glory, even in Zion, by the hands of the servants of the Lord, even the children of bEphraim. And they shall be filled with asongs of everlasting joy. Behold, this is the ablessing of the beverlasting God upon the ctribes of dIsrael, and the richer blessing upon the head of eEphraim and his fellows.” (section 133)