About a week ago a neighbor of mine dropped off an article about the true Sabbath day being on the seventh day of the week and asked my wife and I to read it.
My first thought was that they had been proselytized by the new couple that has moved into town. They are Seventh Day Adventists. I have a huge respect for the Seventh Day Adventists. They have some prophecy scholars that are really sharp.
However the people who dropped of the article are members of the LaPorte Church of Christ led by Pastor Pete Peters. Peters is probably the current leading figure in America in the Christian “Identity” movement which is an outgrowth of “British Israelism“. After further thought I realized that they also believe in the seventh day Sabbath.
A few other Christian denominations also practice the seventh day Sabbath.
The article they dropped off had some mildly interesting information in it.
It claims that the Catholic Church is the one that changed the seventh day Sabbath to Sunday. It also takes a very hard stand against those who have been deceived into worshiping on Sunday.
Attached to this seventh day Sabbath doctrine is the accusation and condemnation of all other Christians who do not accept the seventh day as the true day of worship. They claim those who worship on Sunday are categorically deceived and will be deceived during the hour of temptation and will be under condemnation when the Lord returns.
Frankly I have never done a in depth analysis on the topic because section 59 seems pretty clear to me.
Nevertheless, I thought I should take the time to do a little key word searching and googling to find the information available and provide them with my response to their claims.
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate from the New Testament and modern revelation that the Seventh Day Sabbath of the Old Covenant was replaced with the First day Sabbath of the New Covenant.
This changing of the Sabbath day took place once the Lord had atoned for the sins of the world and returned to the earth on the first day of the week as a resurrected being.
It was on the first day of the week that he visited the apostles and established the NEW COVENANT.
I have observed over the years that there is a portion of those calling themselves Christians that seem to always put more emphasis and credence in the Old Testament than on the New Testament when determining how they will practice their Christian religion. It causes me to wonder if they are putting their hope in the grace of Christ and the New Covenant or in the law of Moses and the Old Covenant.
The Old Covenant Seventh Day Sabbath
the New Covenant First Day Sabbath
The first thing I would like to point out is that the word SABBATH does not mean seventh day as some well meaning gospel teachers would have you believe.
If you will look it up in the 1828 Websters and in the Strongs Concordance, you will see that it has various definitions… among them is the general reference to a holy day of rest that was commanded by the Lord.
The definition has to do with the meaning and purpose of the day, not which day of the week it is to be practiced.
As we shall continue on in this study, we shall see that there is a very significant and specific set of things that we have been commanded to do in keeping the Sabbath day holy.
It includes a very significant commandment having to do with the poor.
Those who do not keep this part of the New Covenant are breaking the Sabbath day regardless of which day they attempt to worship God and rest from their labors. We shall address this overlooked New Testament doctrine later in this article.
The Resurrection of Christ
All four gospels in the New Testament testify that after Christ suffered and atoned for the sins of the world and was resurrected, a series of extremely significant events took place on the very day the resurrected Lord visited his disciples.
These three events all had to do with the NEW COVENANT.
ALL of these events fell on the first day of the week. Conversely, the New Testament reveals that following those events, NOTHING of significance took place on the seventh day of the week.
Let me drill down just a little bit further on the above observation.
Below, is just one of the four accounts provided in the New Testament of the first major set of events that took place AFTER the VERY LAST OLD Testament Sabbath day.
The very last seventh day Sabbath of the Old Testament took place just BEFORE the resurrected Christ revealed himself to his disciples on the first day of the following week.
In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
2 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:
4 And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.
5 And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified.
6 He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.
And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him: lo, I have told you.
8 And they departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and did run to bring his disciples word.
9 ¶ And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him.
Then said Jesus unto them, Be not afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me.
11 ¶ Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and shewed unto the chief priests all the things that were done.
12 And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers,
13 Saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night, and stole him away while we slept.
14 And if this come to the governor’s ears, we will persuade him, and secure you.
15 So they took the money, and did as they were taught: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.
16 ¶ Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them.
17 And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted.
18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
19 ¶ Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
Of course that is just one testimony from one of the four gospels.
Because I am limited in space for this article and it is already going to be longer than desired, I will not provide the other three accounts in the other three gospels however I highly encourage you to look them up and prayerfully read them. They provide other very significant details that show the significance of the first day of the week.
How interesting that the four gospels emphasis that the following three events all happened on the first day of the week following the crucifixion-
- Mary discovers that the tomb is empty and receives the testimony of angels. As she is leaving she is visited by the resurrected Lord, gaining a witness that he had risen.
- Peter and another disciple witness the empty tomb and following that, the Lord appears to them and they converse with Christ, gaining a witness that he had risen.
- The eleven apostles all gathered to a place in Galilee which had before been designated and appointed by Christ. At that time he appeared to them and invites them to thrust their hands into the wounds in his hands and feet. He then does three things- A) He announces to them that all power has been given to him in heaven and in earth. B) He then breaths on them and commands them to receive the Holy Ghost C) He then commissions them to go into all the world baptizing in the name of the Father Son and Holy Ghost.
All three of the above events took place in one very eventful day for the purposes of establish the NEW COVENANT.
THE FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK!
Powered by the atonement of Christ, these three events establishing the new covenant appear to have taken place in the morning, afternoon and evening, respectively, on the very first day of the week, after the very last Sabbath day of the Old Testament, under the Old Covenant.
Just as the Lord had changed the name of Jacob to Israel and the name of Abram to Abraham, based on a new covenant, the Lord changed which day of the week the Sabbath should be honored based on a new covenant!
The Sabbath day under the New Covenant was to be, among other things, a memorial to the resurrection and the glorious fact that Christ overcame death and gave us hope in a future resurrection.
The above events were just the beginning of a string of other significant events documented in the New Testament, that took place on the NEW SABBATH DAY of the NEW COVENANT-
The ordinance of breaking of bread
It was “upon the first day of the week when the disciples came together to break bread” in Troas, “and Paul preached unto them” The first day of the week is Sunday and this is the day the people gathered. This passage is showing that the church was meeting on Sunday. The above passage identifies two important church functions within it: breaking bread (communion) and a preaching.
Additionally, Luke did not use the Jewish system of counting days: sundown to sundown. He used the Roman system: midnight to midnight. This is a subtle point that shows the Jewish Sabbath system was not the one utilized by Luke.
When Paul and his companions stayed at Troas for seven days, a Sabbath passed by, yet there was not a single hint that they observed it. On the contrary, when the first day of the week came, the disciples gathered together to break bread, and Paul preached. Why did they have to wait until the first day of the week? What happened to the seventh day Sabbath?
Obviously this period of time had already become the formal day for Christians’ gathering. Here, besides the importance of the day, the Lord further disclosed the program of commemoration or worship that should include gathering together, breaking bread, and preaching.
Nine of the Ten Commandments are restated in the New Testament
In addition to the documented facts that Christ appeared to his disciples and initiated the New Covenant on the Sunday Sabbath and also stipulated it as the day for the body of Christ to gather and break bread and preach, it is also interesting to note that of the 10 commandments listed in Exodus 20:1-17, only 9 of them were restated in the New Testament. Eight commandments are reiterated in Matt. 19:18,
worshiping God; (Worshiping God properly covers the first three commandments)
One commandment is reiterated in Rom. 13:9,
The one commandment of the original ten that was not specifically reaffirmed was the one having to do with the seventh day of the week… the one about the Sabbath.
Instead, Jesus said that He is the Lord of the Sabbath, implying that he could make any adjustments to it that he wanted to.
When the Pharisees were being critical of those who seemed to be breaking the rigid rules pertaining to the Sabbath as taught in the Old Testament, he stated -
“The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath; Therefore the Son of Man is Lord also of the Sabbath” (Matt. 12:8).
This same concept was reiterated by Paul when the lawyers of the gospel were being critical of how the Saints were keeping the Sabbath day-
“Therefore let no one act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day— things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ.”
Clearly, there is a distinction between the Old Testament teachings that provided a shadow of things to come as opposed to the fact that Christ determines the current substance of the Sabbath law as applicable to the New Covenant.
Notice the time sequence mentioned. A festival is yearly. A new moon is monthly. A Sabbath is weekly. No one is to judge others in regard to the issue of Sabbath timing.
A Listing of Sabbath Day Evidences in the New Testament
The New Testament provides numerous evidences that the first day of the week Sunday- Sabbath was the recognized Lords Day-
- Jesus rose on the first day of the week not the Sabbath: Mk 16:9
- All 6 appearances of Jesus happen on two Sundays, none on Sabbath. Mk 16:9; Mt 28:5-9; Lk 24:34; Lk 24:13-15; Lk 24:33,36 + Jn 20:19; Jn 20:26
- Christians are recorded assembling three times on Sunday after resurrection and before ascension, never on the seventh day Sabbath. Jn 20:19 Jn 20:26 Acts 2:1
- The only day ever mentioned when Christians broke bread was on Sunday: Acts 20:7
- Christians are commanded every Sunday to give into a common treasury of the church: 1 Cor 16:1-2
- Jesus was declared the Son of God on Sunday: Rom 1:4
- Ps 2:7 “Today I have begotten thee” was fulfilled on Sunday when he rose: Acts 13:33
- The sign that Jesus was glorified was given on Sunday: Jn 7:39 + Acts 2:1,32
- The church officially began on Pentecost Sunday: Acts 2:1
- Jesus was crowned king on a Sunday: Acts 2:33-36
- The disciples reception of the promise of the Father on Sunday: Acts 1:4-5; 2:1-4
- The Holy Spirit first fell upon the apostles on a Sunday: Acts 2:1-4
- Salvation first preached by Peter on Sunday: Mt 16:19; Acts 2:1,38,40-41
- The Keys to the Kingdom of God were first used on Sunday: Mt 16:19
- The great “Triumphal entry” (also called “Palm Sunday”) happened on the first day: Luke 13:32
- The time between the Lord’s resurrection (sheaf waving day) and Pentecost was Sunday to Sunday counting of 50 days. The starting and stopping time was on the 1st day.
- First time Jesus worshiped after resurrection was on the first day by Thomas (Jn. 20:26).
- The first time we could be born again to a living hope was on a Sunday: 1 Pet. 1:3
- The first time Jesus had communion after his resurrection with His disciples, was on a Sunday: (Lk. 24:1, 13, 28-35)
- Pentecost was a Sunday – Sunday duration of 50 days. The starting point and stopping point of counting the 50 days was a Sunday – Sunday period! Pentecost always falls on a first day Sunday Sabbath!
In addition to the above mentioned evidences of the New Covenant First Day Sunday Sabbath, there is no New Testament significance of the seventh day Sabbath in connection with anything of Christ, Christianity, the church, or heaven!
As Latter Day Saints, we have the more sure word of prophecy on this matter. (as if the evidence provided in the New Testament is not adequate!)
In a revelation given on August 7th 1831 addressed specifically to the Saints who had migrated to the land of Zion, the Lord commanded the Saints to keep the following commandments-
“Love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy might, mind and strength”
“Love thy neighbor a thy self”
“Thou shalt not steal”
“Neither commit adultery”
“Thank the Lord thy God in all things”
“Thou shalt offer a sacrifice unto the Lord thy God in righteousness, even that of a broken heart and a contrite spirit”
Notice how the New Covenant Sabbath Day offering in the latter days is a personal sacrifice of a broken heart and the contrite spirit instead of an animal blood sacrifice as was instituted under the Old Covenant Seventh day Sabbath.
He then gave the latter day New Covenant version of keeping the Sabbath day holy
“And that thou mayest more fully keep thyself unspotted from the world, thou shalt go to the house of prayer and offer up thy sacraments upon my holy day. For verily this is a day appointed unto you to rest from your labors and to pay thy devotions unto the Most High. Nevertheless, thy vows shall be offered up in righteousness on all days and at all times.
On this, the Lords Day thou shalt offer thine oblations and thy sacraments unto the most high, confessing thy sins to thy brethren and before the Lord“
That particular holy day upon which section 59 was given, fell on a Sunday. (interestingly, it just happened to be a New Moon also)
For those who might want to suggest that there is a difference between the Lord’s holy day and the Lords designated Sabbath day, Isaiah 58:13 specifically identifies the phrase “my holy day” as the “Sabbath“.
Section 59 appears to be the first time in modern revelation that the Lord instructed the latter day saints on how to keep the first day Sabbath day holy.
Why did the Lord wait for two years after the publishing of the Book of Mormon and the establishing of the church before instructing the Saints on how to keep the Lords day holy?
Because the Saints needed to enter into the fullness of gospel law which included the covenant of Consecration in Zion BEFORE they could keep the Lords day holy by properly providing tithing funds for the poor.
Indeed, it is only the inhabitants of Zion that can keep the Sabbath holy!
“And the inhabitants of Zion shall also observe Sabbath day to keep it holy.” (Section 68)
You will notice that according to modern revelation, the first day Sunday Sabbath is when the Saints are to offer up oblations.
An oblation is sometimes defined as a collection or offering for the poor. It is sometimes referred to as tithing.
In another revelation through the prophet Joseph Smith the Lord said-
Behold, now it is called today until the coming of the Son of Man, and verily it is a day of sacrifice, and a day for the tithing of my people; for he that is tithed shall not be burned at his coming.
24 For after today cometh the burning—this is speaking after the manner of the Lord—for verily I say, tomorrow all the proud and they that do wickedly shall be as stubble; and I will burn them up, for I am the Lord of Hosts; and I will not spare any that remain in Babylon.
As we have discussed in previous articles, it is impossible to pay a tenth of one’s increase according to the law of God until after one has entered into the law of consecration.
The above passages are clearly making reference to passages in Malachi where the Lord informs us that his people are cursed because they robbed the Lord in tithes and offerings.
Even from the days of your fathers ye are gone away from mine ordinances, and have not kept them. Return unto me, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye said, Wherein shall we return?
8 ¶ Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.
9 Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation.
10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.
This takes us back to our Sabbath day study in the New Testament
The Commandment to meet and Collect for the Poor
It was on the first day of the week also that the collection for the poor saints of Jerusalem was to be taken in the Corinthian Church. “Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye. Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store as God hath prospered him…” (See 1 Corinthians 16:1,2).
This brings us to an amazing doctrine in the New Testament that most Christian Churches conveniently overlook because it is simply too difficult to live. It is the doctrine of having all things common
The doctrine of collecting for the poor appears to be a sub-doctrine of “having all things common“.
With the exception of a few communal groups such as the Mennonites, Quakers, Moravians and Amish, very few Christian sects have attempted to live the New Testament law of having all things in common.
And yet this doctrine is an integral part of proper Sabbath day worship. If you are not obeying it, you are not keeping the Sabbath day holy!
It probably isn’t necessary for Christians to argue over which day of the week is the true Sabbath since none of us are living it properly anyway.
On the very first day of Pentecost after the establishing of the New Covenant the spirit fell upon a large congregation of people. It was on that day that Peter preached to a large body of people. Many of them began speaking in tongues and having the spiritual baptism.
Over 3,000 new converts were added to the church.
As Peter preached, the spirit touched the hearts of the people and they asked Peter and the apostles
“What shall we do?”
His response was-
Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.
41 ¶ Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of
bread, and in prayers.
43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles.
The above passage of scripture goes on to inform us that the apostle’s doctrine included-
- Breaking of Bread
The next part of the passage provides a requirement that most Christian Churches conveniently neglect because it goes against the greedy nature of the natural man. Indeed the following commandment can only be kept by those who have been truly born of the fire and the Holy Ghost
44 And all that believed were together, and had all things common;
And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.
46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,
47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
Did you get that?
The baptized members of Christs body HAD ALL THINGS COMMON.
They sold their possessions and goods and parted them to all men as every man had need.
That is one of the principles of the gospel of Jesus Christ that is required to have SINGLENESS OF HEART.
This amazing doctrine of having all things common and collecting for the poor each first day Sunday Sabbath is an integral part of keeping the Sabbath day holy.
Anyone that has not entered into the commandment to have all things common with the other members of Christs body and is not making their weekly contributions to the poor is not keeping the New Covenant Sabbath Day HOLY!
In Acts chapter four we are given more information regarding this most sacred law of the New Covenant Sabbath-
And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness.
And the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul: neither said any of them that ought of the things which he possessed was his own; but they had all things common.
33 And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon them all.
Neither was there any among them that lacked: for as many as were possessors of lands or houses sold them, and brought the prices of the things that were sold,
35 And laid them down at the apostles’ feet: and distribution was made unto every man according as he had need.
36 And Joses, who by the apostles was surnamed Barnabas, (which is, being interpreted, The son of consolation,) a Levite, and of the country of Cyprus,
Having land, sold it, and brought the money, and laid it at the apostles’ feet.
The next chapter in Acts gives us a blood curdling account of a husband and wife that conspired to hold back some of the money they received from the land they had sold.
According to the law of having all things in common, they were to consecrate all excess increase to the church to be distributed to the poor-
1 BUT a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession,
2 And kept back part of the price, his wife also being privy to it, and brought a certain part, and laid it at the apostles’ feet.
3 But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?
4 Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.
5 And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: and great fear came on all them that heard these things.
6 And the young men arose, wound him up, and carried him out, and buried him.
7 And it was about the space of three hours after, when his wife, not knowing what was done, came in.
8 And Peter answered unto her, Tell me whether ye sold the land for so much? And she said, Yea, for so much.
9 Then Peter said unto her, How is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? behold, the feet of them which have buried thy husband are at the door, and shall carry thee out.
10 Then fell she down straightway at his feet, and yielded up the ghost: and the young men came in, and found her dead, and, carrying her forth, buried her by her husband.
It is only with the above context of how the members of the body of Christ were to not have personal assets above and beyond what they needed to live on a daily basis of living by faith, and how all excess lands and possessions were to be sold and the money was to be given to the apostles to be distributed to the poor, that one can really understand what Christ was saying to the rich man-
And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?
17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.
18 He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness,
19 Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
20 The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet?
21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me.
22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions.
23 ¶ Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.
24 And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
It is interesting to note that Christ’s admonition to the rich man took place BEFORE the crucifixion and resurrection and BEFORE the New Covenant Sunday Sabbath was initiated.
The Jewish church at the time of Christ also believed in and practiced the offering of oblations for the poor.
Notice the following passages in Luke wherein John the Baptist is admonishing them to give their excess possessions to the poor. The passages with yellow highlight are from the JST version of the Bible to provide clarification on the current practices of the time.
12 Then said John to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, crying against them with a loud voice, saying, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
13 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, Abraham is our father; we have kept the commandments of God, and none can inherit the promises but the children of Abraham; for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.
14 And now also, the axe is laid unto the root of the trees; every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit, shall be hewn down, and cast into the fire.
15 And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?
16 He answered and said unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise.
17 Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do?
18 And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed unto you.
19 For it is well known unto you, Theophilus, that after the manner of the Jews, and according to the custom of their law in receiving money into the treasury, that out of the abundance which was received, was appointed unto the poor, every man his portion;
20 And after this manner did the publicans also, wherefore John said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you.
This is why I believe that NONE of the Christians churches including the Latter day Saints are truly keeping the Sabbath day holy. How many Christian churches are you aware of that have all things in common and truly provide for the poor?
Modern Revelation Clarifies “all things in common”
Although the account of Peter discerning the lying hearts of the husband and wife seems pretty harsh, the Lord has made it clear that the consequences of not living this law in the latter days are still pretty serious.
29 If thou lovest me thou shalt serve me and keep all my commandments.
30 And behold, thou wilt remember the poor, and consecrate of thy properties for their support that which thou hast to impart unto them, with a covenant and a deed which cannot be broken.
31 And inasmuch as ye impart of your substance unto the poor, ye will do it unto me; and they shall be laid before the bishop of my church and his counselors, two of the elders, or high priests, such as he shall appoint or has appointed and set apart for that purpose.
32 And it shall come to pass, that after they are laid before the bishop of my church, and after that he has received these testimonies concerning the consecration of the properties of my church, that they cannot be taken from the church, agreeable to my commandments, every man shall be made accountable unto me, a steward over his own property, or that which he has received by consecration, as much as is sufficient for himself and family.
33 And again, if there shall be properties in the hands of the church, or any individuals of it, more than is necessary for their support after this first consecration, which is a residue to be consecrated unto the bishop, it shall be kept to administer to those who have not, from time to time, that every man who has need may be amply supplied and receive according to his wants.
34 Therefore, the residue shall be kept in my storehouse, to administer to the poor and the needy, as shall be appointed by the high council of the church, and the bishop and his council;
35 And for the purpose of purchasing lands for the public benefit of the church, and building houses of worship, and building up of the New Jerusalem which is hereafter to be revealed—
36 That my covenant people may be gathered in one in that day when I shall come to my temple. And this I do for the salvation of my people.
60 And he that doeth according to these things shall be saved, and he that doeth them not shall be damned if he so continue.
5 For I, the Lord, have decreed in my heart, that inasmuch as any man belonging to the order shall be found a transgressor, or, in other words, shall break the covenant with which ye are bound, he shall be cursed in his life, and shall be trodden down by whom I will;
6 For I, the Lord, am not to be mocked in these things—
18 Therefore, if any man shall take of the abundance which I have made, and impart not his portion, according to the law of my gospel, unto the poor and the needy, he shall, with the wicked, lift up his eyes in hell, being in torment. 104:5-6,18
Behold, none are exempt from this law who belong to the church of the living God 70:10
The First Day is also the Eighth Day
As emphatic as some religious cults are about interpreting the New Covenant according to the doctrines taught in the Old Testament, it is surprising that they have missed one of the most revealing Old Testament doctrines pointing to the appointed time of the New Covenant Sunday Sabbath.
I refer to it as the “eighth day doctrine“.
Prophecy and the divine time line of the earth provide another witness that the Sabbath day was to be changed from the seventh day to the eighth day which is the first day of the previous seven day week.
I will show a few of the Old Testament scriptures that identify the ancient and future significance of the eighth day-
First let’s look at the admonition of Moses regarding the proper delivering up of the offerings on the eighth day-
Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.
30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me. Exod 22:29
Clearly, the designated day for offering oblations was on the eighth day, both in Old Testament times and also in New Testament times.
AND it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel;
2 And he said unto Aaron, Take thee a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.
3 And unto the children of Israel thou shalt speak, saying, Take ye a kid of the goats for a sin offering; and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, for a burnt offering;
4 Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD; and a meat offering mingled with oil: for to day the LORD will appear unto you.
5 ¶ And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tabernacle of the congregation: and all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD.
6 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commanded that ye should do: and the glory of the LORD shall appear unto you.
The result was spectacular. The Lord did appear to them on the eighth day-
And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the congregation, and came out, and blessed the people: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the people.
24 And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw, they shouted, and fell on their faces.
Let us now visit Leviticus 11:12 to see the significance of the eighth day in establishing the covenant of circumcism-
1 AND the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a woman have conceived seed, and born a man child: then she shall be unclean seven days; according to the days of the separation for her infirmity shall she be unclean.
And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.
In 2nd Chronicles 6:7 Solomon understands the importance of the eighth day in the offerings associated with temple worship
NOW when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the house.
2 And the priests could not enter into the house of the LORD, because the glory of the LORD had filled the LORD’s house.
3 And when all the children of Israel saw how the fire came down, and the glory of the LORD upon the house, they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground upon the pavement, and worshipped, and praised the LORD, saying, For he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever.
4 ¶ Then the king and all the people offered sacrifices before the LORD.
5 And king Solomon offered a sacrifice of twenty and two thousand oxen, and an hundred and twenty thousand sheep: so the king and all the people dedicated the house of God.
6 And the priests waited on their offices: the Levites also with instruments of musick of the LORD, which David the king had made to praise the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever, when David praised by their ministry; and the priests sounded trumpets before them, and all Israel stood.
7 Moreover Solomon hallowed the middle of the court that was before the house of the LORD: for there he offered burnt offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings, because the brasen altar which Solomon had made was not able to receive the burnt offerings, and the meat offerings, and the fat.
8 ¶ Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt.
And in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days.
Righteous Hezekiah also documents the importance of the eighth day as the day when the sanctification of the house of the Lord is completed in Chron 29:17 ( shall show forth the typology of this to the Kirtland Temple Sanctification later in this paper)
Now they began on the first day of the first month to sanctify, and on the eighth day of the month came they to the porch of the LORD: so they sanctified the house of the LORD in eight days; and in the sixteenth day of the first month they made an end.
18 Then they went in to Hezekiah the king, and said, We have cleansed all the house of the LORD, and the altar of burnt offering, with all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread table, with all the vessels thereof.
In Nehemiah 8 we are informed that the Book of the Law required that the solemn assembly be held on the eighth day, typological to the day of Pentecost-
And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to understand the words of the law.
14 And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the seventh month:
15 And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written.
16 ¶ So the people went forth, and brought them, and made themselves booths, every one upon the roof of his house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the water gate, and in the street of the gate of Ephraim.
17 And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.
Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the manner.
Ezekiel also confirms the importance of the eighth day as the day when God accepts the offering of Israel-
Seven days shall they purge the altar and purify it; and they shall consecrate themselves.
27 And when these days are expired, it shall be, that
upon the eighth day, and so forward, the priests shall make your burnt offerings upon the altar, and your peace offerings; and I will accept you, saith the Lord GOD.
There are many other passages speaking in the Old Testament documenting the importance of the eighth day relative to temple worship, offerings, covenants and the future typological significance of the NEW COVENANT.
Clearly, the appearing of Christ to Mary and the apostles on the eighth day was not random; it was the institution of the Sabbath Day of the New Covenant!
Modern revelation reveals that the term “Lord of Sabaoth” literally means “creator of the first day“-
And for this cause I gave unto you a commandment that you should call your solemn assembly, that your fastings and your mourning might come up into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth, which is by interpretation, the creator of the first day, the beginning and the end. (section 95)
Did you notice in the passage above that the first day marks both the beginning of a week and the end of the previous week?
“The beginning and the end“
There you have a modern day reference to the doctrine of the eighth day as it related to the doctrine of Sabaoth. .
If Mormons were diligent in their study of the Old Testament and their own history, they would find numerous amazing events in their own history that correspond with the laws and timing sequences contained in the Old Testament that pointed to the latter day establishing and re-establishing of the New Covenant.
Indeed the Old Testament testifies again and again of the establishment of the New Covenant by Christ in the New Testament and the latter day saint restoration of the gospel.
It also testifies of the latter day apostasy that followed shortly thereafter when the Latter day Saints rejected the fullness of the gospel.
The eight day sequence was manifest (although not noticed) in the eight day, Sunday to Sunday dedication and acceptance of the Kirtland Temple.
The Dedicatory Prayer of the Kirtland Temple was given on Sunday March 27th 1836 and the appearance of Christ, Moses Elias and Elijah took place on the eighth day, Sunday April 3rd 1836.
During that first Sunday and the next seven days the covenant was confirmed and the anointing took place.
In the Middle of the week, on Wednesday the Lords Supper (sacrifice) was administered and a “liberal contribution” (oblation) was collected, fulfilling the prophecy in Daniel-
And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate
Because of the failure of the Latter Day Saints to redeem Zion, consecrate and have all things in common like the New Testament Saints did, the blessing of the Kirtland Temple also included a cursing.
Instead of ushering in the dispensation of the fullness of times, the Lord and several ministering angels appeared to Joseph and Oliver on Sunday April 3rd, 1836, ON THE EIGHTH DAY to restore the preparatory gospel of Jesus Christ, which is the Gospel of Abraham.
In another article I have already documented the fact that the Kirtland Temple fulfilled (and will fulfill in the future) other prophecies contained in the book of Daniel.
With the eighth day doctrine summarized above, let us look at what Barnabas says about the time line of the earth and the mystical eighth day Sabbath.
After we review what he and Enoch have to say about the eighth day time line of the earth, we will show that the apostle John also explained that the time line of the earth is eight thousand years, composed of seven “seals” or days composed of one thousand years each, plus an eighth day ( space of one thousand years) during which time the earth leaves temporal time and returns to is paradisaical glory.
And ye shall hallow, the sabbath of the Lord with pure hands and with a
15:3 And in another place He saith ;
15:4 If My sons observe the sabbath, then I will bestow My mercy upon them.
15:5 Of the sabbath He speaketh in the beginning of the creation;
15:6 And God made the works of His hands in six days, and He ended on the
seventh day, and rested on it, and He hallowed it.
15:7 Give heed, children, what this meaneth ;
15:8 He ended in six days.
15:9 He meaneth this, that in six thousand years the Lord shall bring all things
to an end ;
15:10 for the day with Him signifieth a thousand years ;
15:11 and this He himself beareth me witness, saying;
15:12 Behold, the day of the Lord shall be as a thousand years.
\5:13 Therefore, children, in six days, that is in six thousand years,
everything shall come to an end.
15:14 And He rested on the seventh day.
15:15 This He meaneth;
15:16 when His Son shall come, and shall abolish the time of the Lawless One,
and shall judge the ungodly, and shall change the sun and the moon and the
stars, then shall He truly rest on the seventh day.
15:17 Yea and furthermore He saith;
15:18 Thou shalt hallow it with pure hands and with a pure heart.
15:19 If therefore a man is able now to hallow the day which God hallowed,
though he be pure in heart, we have gone utterly astray.
15:20 But if after all then and not till then shall we truly rest and hallow it,
when we shall ourselves be able to do so after being justified and receiving the
promise, when iniquity is no more and all things have been made new by the Lord,
15:21 we shall be able to hallow it then, because we ourselves shall have been
15:22 Finally He saith to them ;
15:23 Your new moons and your sabbaths I cannot away with.
15:24 Ye see what is His meaning;
15:25 it is not your present sabbaths that are acceptable [unto Me], but the
sabbath which I have made, in the which, when I have set all things at rest, I
will make the beginning of the eighth
day which is the beginning of another
15:26 Wherefore also we keep the eighth day for rejoicing, in the which also Jesus rose from the dead, and having been manifested ascended into the heavens.
Epistle of Barnabas 15
Clearly, as the apostle Barnabas says, it was not the present Jewish Sabbaths that were currently acceptable to the Lord, but rather, it was the one he ordained when he came to the earth in the flesh, even the eighth day which represents the beginning of another world.
2 Enoch 33:1: also addresses the doctrine of the eighth day-
(Yahweh says:) I appointed the eighth day also, that the eighth day should be the first-created after my work, and that the first seven revolve in the form of the seventh thousand, and that at the beginning of the eighth thousand there should be a time of not-counting, endless, with neither years nor months nor weeks nor days nor hours.
The eighth day “time of not counting” that Enoch is referring to is mentioned in both the Book of Revelation and the D&C as the day when there shall be “time no longer”.
And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven,
6 And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer: Rev 10
And so on, until the seventh angel shall sound his trump; and he shall stand forth upon the land and upon the sea, and swear in the name of him who sitteth upon the throne, that there shall be time no longer; and Satan shall be bound, that old serpent, who is called the devil, and shall not be loosed for the space of a thousand years.
111 And then he shall be loosed for a little season, that he may gather together his armies. Section 88:110
As you can see, after the eighth day when there is time no longer for the space of one thousand years, the earth returns to temporal time for a little season.
The book of revelation reveals that the time line of the earth is eight thousand years not seven thousand years-
1- 1st Seal (one thousand years)
2- 2nd Seal (second thousand years)
3- 3rd Seal (third thousand years)
4- 4th Seal (fourth thousand years
MIDDLE OF TIME (Meridian)
5- 5th Seal (fifth thousand years)
6- 6th Seal (sixth thousand years)
7- Beginning of the 7th Seal- also called the “Hour of Judgment”- (possibly about 41 years although the days will be cut short)
8- Paradisaical Millennium- “There shall be time no longer” (the earth leaves temporal time for the “space of 1,000 years”)
9- Remainder of the 7th Seal- “Little Season” (possibly about 959 years)
Total time frame of the earth = 8,000 years with a mystical eighth day of rest.
The Seventh Day Sabbath of the Old Covenant was changed to the First Day, Sunday Sabbath under the New Covenant. (which is also the eighth day)
To keep this day holy, the Saints have been commanded to make this a day of-
- Breaking of Bread
- Having all things common- taking care of the poor